5 paragraph essay about world war 1
One of the main results of the Second World War was the division of Europe. Huge armies stared at each other through an Iron Curtain that ran through the heart of Europe. The US marshalled Western Europe into a system of containment aimed at limiting and ultimately diminishing Soviet power. The division of Europe froze political change for several decades. Attempts by some Soviet satellite states to break free East Germany in , Hungary in , Czechoslovakia in were brutally suppressed by the Red Army. There was no possibility for the nations that had been bolted together in the state of Yugoslavia to establish their own identities.
The pent up demand for independence would later tear the Balkans apart in the s after the death of President Tito. By the s it became clear that Soviet communism was failing to deliver the standard of living that most people enjoyed in the West. The appointment of a new Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, in , opened the path for a fundamental realignment of the European political landscape. His policies of glasnost and perestroika offered hope to the peoples of Eastern Europe and in he declined to send in the Red Army to suppress demonstrations for greater freedom in East Germany.
The prescient founding fathers took the highly symbolic coal and steel industries as the starting point for a new community method of government. If France and Germany shared responsibility for the industries that were at the heart of the armaments industry then there really could be no further war between these two rivals. This logic continued with the birth of the European Community in The desire to develop a new system of governance and avoid war as an instrument of policy was at the very heart of the discussions leading up to the Treaty of Rome.
The EU was viewed then and continues to be viewed as a peace project. Until unification in Germany was content to take a back seat to the US on security matters and to France on EU matters. Germany was a Musterknabe of the EU and one of the strongest supporters of a federal Europe. This ap-proach began to change under the chancellorship of Gerhard Schroeder and accelerated under Angela Merkel.
Germany began to play a more assertive role in defending its national interests. It swiftly became apparent that only Germany had the financial and economic muscle to rescue the debt-laden members of the eurozone. But Germany received little thanks for its bail-out assistance. Anti-German sentiment was also to be found in many other countries, from Spain to Hungary. Even though Germany has become the undoubted leader of the EU it is still reluctant to play a dominant role in military matters. It contributes less to European security than Britain or France: in it spent 1.
This reflects a continuing horror of war in general and a determination that German troops should never again be used for the purposes of aggrandizement. This had led to Berlin being at odds with its EU partners, especially France and the UK, over issues such as the intervention in Libya and the proposed intervention in Syria.
The burden of the two world wars is much more obvious in Berlin than Paris or London. But the reluctance to use force to achieve political aims is widespread in the EU. The US continually presses the Europeans to spend more on defence, a plea that usually falls on deaf ears. The bloody conflict in the Balkans in the s, however, showed that war as a means to achieve political goals has not disappeared from the European continent.
The Russian military intervention in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in and its annexation of Crimea in showed that the Russian bear was also ready to use force to achieve its aims. The EU response as a conflict prevention manager and peacemaker has been patchy. Tony Blair hoped that the Balkans tragedy would push the Europeans to do more. Together with Jacques Chirac he promoted a plan for the EU to have its own defence forces. The ambitious aims outlined in , however, have never been realised.
True, the EU has engaged in some useful peacekeeping operations in the Western Balkans and in parts of Africa. But overall the EU is not perceived as a hard security actor. This again reflects the deeply ingrained memories of the horrors of war on the European continent, especially in Germany. The Russian de-stabilisation of Ukraine in the first half of has also brought challenges to Germany.
Traditionally Germany has enjoyed a close and privileged relationship with Russia, partly due to historical ties including war guilt and partly due to economic and trade interests. These economic ties led Germany to be very cautious about agreeing to pursue a sanctions policy against Russia. The group of Russlandversteher crossed party lines epitomised by former Chancellor Schroeder greeting Putin with a bear hug in St Petersburg at his 70th birthday party.
Germany has also been to the fore in seeking a diplomatic solution to the Ukraine crisis although it remains to be seen whether this will produce acceptable results. The shadow of and is thus still present in Europe today. Perhaps the biggest change is that military power is far less significant in European politics than it was a century ago. There is little or no appetite for using force to achieve political goals. Defence spending remains low. The rise of television and social media has brought the horrors of land wars and casualties instantly to a broad public. One has only to compare the public and media reactions to one soldier killed in Afghanistan to the huge numbers killed at the Somme.
But as the world moves from a hegemonic system based on the US hyper-power to a more multi-polar world this will have serious consequences for Germany and Europe. For Europe, will it redouble efforts to deepen the European integration project, trying to ensure a closer connection between the EU institutions and European citizens?
Or will it drift back into a system of nation states adopting beggar thy neighbour policies? As leader of Europe Germany again has a key role to play. It has also profited hugely from the EU and thus has a moral duty to ensure the continued success of the European project. These gains should not be under-estimated. The anniversary of the First World War should give us the occasion to reflect on what kind of Europe we want. A Europe dominated by populists and nationalists has never brought a more peaceful or prosperous Europe. It has only led to conflict. But as the results of the European Parliament elections in May demonstrated we cannot take the progress in European integration since for granted.
We owe it to the fallen in both world wars to fight for a closer and more integrated Europe. Menu Menu Close. Social Participation. Ecological Transformation. Future of Democracy. International Division. Our Work worldwide. About the Foundation. Teaser Image Caption.
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Share with friends: Tweet Share Share Print. Who caused the War? Foreign policy implications The conflict had a global impact. The cause of war was introduced. This paper will be discussing the escalation of imperialism, nationalism, and militarism in the German Empire throughout the fifty years leading up to the First World War and describing how each of these said characteristics led to the German Empire going to war with and against the other.
Its strategy was to win a decisive victory over their opponents with a series of short campaigns.
Germany quickly took control of most of Europe and was victorious for more than two years with the "Blitzkrieg" lightning war. This new military tactics required the concentration of a powerful set of offensive forces tanks, aircrafts and artillery on a narrow front. By practicing a breach in the enemy. As war spread across Europe in , black Americans saw a second opportunity in which they could use the war to their advantage, in securing the respect of their white neighbours. This contemporary conflict brought about great controversy within the black community, being asked to fight for a democracy on behalf of a country in which they did not receive equal treatment.
Nature of the conflict that forced reorganization of the British. The choreographer Darshan Sign Bhuller and Gravity and Levity artistic director Linsdey Butcher explore the effects that war has on soldiers by focusing on one story from each conflict. Throughout the piece Bhuller and Butcher explore the endlessness and senselessness of war as well as the long lasting effect that conflict has on ordinary people.
The foundation of the piece is the coincidence of the dates between the start. After the end of the First World War, Germany was perhaps the most financially afflicted. Having been deemed the aggressors in World War One, the Germans were forced, by the Treaty of Versailles, into a situation which left the country even further ravaged that its contemporaries. The rebuilding of the economy. A major part in the First World War was taking care of people and helping people. A woman who was a nurse during the First World War, Edith Cavell, took a stand in history by using her skills for the better and helped allied service men escape from Belgium, which was occupied by Germany.
Because of this act, she was executed for treason by being shot by a firing squad, and her death made her internationally known. She became an iconic symbol for the allied cause and was most remembered for her courage. The effects of the first world war on humanity are indisputable in the context of historical documents. However, what can be easily disputed more than anything are the direct causes of the war. It has been debated among scholars as to whether the reasons for the war were institutional or by a select few powerful individuals.
There are historians who write about the shared blame among Western European countries such as Christopher Clark in The Sleepwalkers. On the contrary, there are many historians. World Response Initial world opinion also believed Serbia was behind the assassination, and the initial world response condemned the act — a factor which reassured Austria that it could move to get revenge.
But the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy never operated quickly, especially since Austria could do nothing. To discuss this judgement, we must investigate the causes of the First World War, the consequences of these actions, and to what extent were they responsible for the start of the war. A long term and economical cause. The First World War was a conflict between the triple entente which included, the United Kingdom, the Russian empire, and France, and the triple alliance which included Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Germany. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by a Serbian nationalist sparked the conflict, because both countries had alliances with other nations, the war grew and spread over the world.
The United States originally held a policy of isolationism during the war. First World War Poetry " Above all I am not concerned with poetry. My subject is war, and the pity of war.
Posters: World War I Posters
The poetry is in the pity. Although this was fought in many locations, and on a number of continents, the Western Front was the scene of some of the most important and bloodiest battles of the War. The Western Front was a series of trenches running through Belgium. Essay on First World War. This was an Continue Reading. One of the most unquestionable causes that lead to the outbreak of the war was the alliance system that was Continue Reading.
Nevertheless, the causes of certain events may differ depending on the scale of history Continue Reading. Although the Germans had a large contribution in starting the war, they should not be fully held Continue Reading. Almost all chemical warfare weapons needed to be Continue Reading. Although, each reason stated is not Continue Reading. It increased Continue Reading. However, although these opinions between researchers differ, they do all tend to revolve around the hostility between the great powers of Europe, the violent assassination of the Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and the controversial pieces Continue Reading.
However, the United States allocated their full engagement during Continue Reading. This caused Russia to get involved Continue Reading. The First World War WWI left leaders that implementing strategic messages dedicated to the people made a paradigm shift by that time causing Continue Reading.
However the German's did not expect the fierce resistance they received when attempting to pass through Belgium, the Russian's Continue Reading. Death was an event that many Continue Reading. This does a great injustice to the many thousands of Australians who fought and died Continue Reading.
Timeline (1914 - 1921)
The Allied powers Continue Reading. Because of Splendid Isolation, it was very hard for Continue Reading. Support came in the form of political parties, churches, the newspapers and community leaders who felt that Continue Reading. For instance, many do not know the real injustices Germany faced at the hands of the Allies at the Treaty of Versailles; others may not have given much thought to how both sides prepared, or did not prepare, for the next potential war while Continue Reading.
She Continue Reading. The reason behind this decision was due to the fact that there were danger signs of the threats Continue Reading. The Canadian Continue Reading. Firstly, Germany was trying to expand Continue Reading. On the Continue Reading.
This number could me more Continue Reading. Moreover Continue Reading. There are numerous causes of the war, but perhaps the most important Continue Reading. It begins with the main character living in the town of Clonmel Ireland which joined the war almost immediately Continue Reading. However, this does not mean that there was no trail of events which directly Continue Reading.
During this time, surgery was becoming more successful by leaps Continue Reading. The cause of war was introduced Continue Reading. This paper will be discussing the escalation of imperialism, nationalism, and militarism in the German Empire throughout the fifty years leading up to the First World War and describing how each of these said characteristics led to the German Empire going to war with and against the other Continue Reading.
By practicing a breach in the enemy Continue Reading. In the early years of the war, Great Britain issued a large number of recruitment posters. Prior to May of , when conscription was introduced, the British army was all-volunteer. Compelling posters were an important tool in encouraging as many mean as possible to enlist. Four rarely seen posters printed in Jamaica and addressed to the men of the Bahamas illustrate the point that this war involved many parts of the world beyond the actual battlegrounds [ view Bahamas recruitment posters ]. Women, who weren't being recruited for the military, were also asked to do their part.
The Women's Land Army was originally a British civilian organization formed to increase agricultural production by having women work the land for farmers who were serving in the military. Vincent Aderene, artist. Columbia calls--Enlist now for U. View selected enlistment posters View selected women's recruitment and relief agency posters. In countries where conscription was the norm France, Germany, Austria , recruitment was not such a pressing need, and most posters were aimed at raising money to finance the war.
Those who did not enlist were asked to do their part by purchasing bonds or subscribing to war loans. Many finance posters use numismatic imagery to illustrate their point. Coins transform into bullets, crush the enemy, or become shields in the war effort. Alfred Offner, artist.
Free World War Essays and Papers
Zeichnet 8 Kriegsanleihe. View selected war bonds and funds posters. Food shortages were widespread in Europe during the war. Even before the United States entered the war, American relief organizations were shipping food overseas. On the home front, it was hoped that Americans would adjust their eating habits in such a way as to conserve food that could then be sent abroad. Americans were told to go meatless and wheatless and to eat more corn and fish. Americans were also encouraged to plant victory gardens and to can fruits and vegetables.
In Great Britain, eggs were collected for the wounded to aid in their recovery. Praill, artist. Enlisted for duration of the war. Help the national egg collection for the wounded. View selected food issues posters. Many of the posters rely on symbolism to illustrate their point.